More comfort with best access to the cares



ipovedente_con_tablet-web-2.jpgHealth and transports. These are the aspects that must be on the top or, at least, suitable to guarantee the comfort of the population in a Country. Particularly the access should be guaranteed to the primary sanitary assistance in acceptable times and the movings must be efficient. Underlines it a new study published on PLOS ONE by a équipe of American university researchers.

The effective sanitary service is not only important, but also its perception (therefore also a psychological aspect exists), that is considered a ” strong measure of comfort.” Particularly, even in Countries where an universal (among which Italy) sanitary coverage exists, the access to the cares is correlated well with the well being. For this purpose it is fundamental the prevention, that in the study is considerated an objective indicator. The researchers write:

It is also reasonable that the access to the sanitary assistance mediates the improvement of the comfort offering a major ‘mental peace’ and the necessary support to level of sanitary prevention and generic behaviors for a self-management. If this reasoning is correct, it implicates that to provide access to the primary assistance to all the components of a community could increase the comfort of it.

ARVO, Honolulu, 2018 – The most recent breakthroughs in vision research



copertina_arvo_2018-web.jpgHolographic displays, robots that assist people during eye examinations, visual field testing performed with a common smartphone: a window to the future was opened during ARVO 2018, an annual event, which – inaugurated on April 29th – ended on May 2nd in Honolulu, Hawaii (U.S.A.). Speakers from all over the world, including researchers with an innovative approach, met with a wide range of experts. The Director of the Italian National Centre for Vision Rehabilitation, Dr. Filippo Amore, also took part in the meeting, presenting research conducted with a futuristic visual device which has been conceived for the visually impaired.

arvo_2018-robot_vision_testing-university_of_melbourne_australia-web-160pixels.jpgDuring the event organised by the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, alongside these groundbreaking themes, participants also discussed “classic” diseases, such as glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration (AMD), seasonal eye allergies and diabetic retinopathy.].

Main source: ARVO

“Estate sicura” (Safe Summer) campaign launched



temperatura_terra-web.jpgNo to cooling fans with very high temperatures [1]; yes to air conditioners but with the temperature not set too low [2]. These recommendations can be found in the handbook that the Italian Ministry of Health published on the day that the “Estate Sicura 2018” campaign (Safe Summer 2018) was launched, which was accompanied by traditional summer bulletins, reporting on heatwaves in Italy.

The ministerial recommendations – that are included in the National Prevention Plan against the effects of heat on health – are inspired by common sense, but a number of rigorous scientific studies support them. In particular, we would like to mention the following recommendations:

  • Don’t go outside during the hottest hours [3]..
  • Improve home and work environments: the simplest measure is by shielding any windows facing south and southwest with curtains and adjustable shutters that block the passage of light, but not air. Air conditioning is of course effective, but it must be used with caution and the temperature must not be set too low in comparison to the temperature outside.
  • Drink large quantities of fluids: drinking a lot of water and eating fresh fruit are essential to countering the effects of
  • Avoid drinks containing alcohol or caffeine.
  • Eat light meals.
  • Wear comfortable and light clothes, made of cotton, linen or natural fibres. When outdoors, it is useful to wear light hats of a light colour to protect the head from direct sunlight. [We would like to add that it is also important to wear sunglasses with authorised filters. ]
  • Ventilate your car before travelling. In this case, set the temperature of the air-conditioning system to a level about 5 degrees lower than the outside temperature, avoiding directing the vents towards the body. If you must travel, avoid the hottest hours of the day and always keep a supply of water in the car. Never leave babies, children or animals in the car, not even for short periods.
  • Avoid physical exercise in the hottest hours of the day. In any case, drink large quantities of fluids if you do physical activity. Athletes should compensate the loss of electrolytes with supplements. terra-rapida-ruotante-con_sole.gif
  • Take care of people who may be at risk by paying them a visit at least twice a day and checking that they don’t show any symptoms of heat disturbance. Check more often on babies and young children.

[1] over 32° C.
[2] between 25° and 27° C, while previously the advice was 24°-26°
[3] On days when the predicted risk is high, time spent outdoors should be reduced in the hours between 11 a.m. and 6 p.m.

Main Source: Ministero della Salute

More fruit against AMD



arance-verticale.jpgThat fruit and vegetables help protect our retina, especially the macula, has long been known. However it appears that, above all, oranges may be particularly useful in preventing age-related macular degeneration (AMD), although this is yet to be fully understood. A team of Australian university researchers are carrying out research to this effect, and state that, “drinks that contain flavonoids (such as orange juice) are reasonable to be recommended to patients.”

Reference is made to consuming at least one portion per day, equivalent to a large orange or 200-300ml of squeezed juice. On Original Research Communications the authors explain:

Flavonoids are bioactive compounds found in foods such as chocolate, tea, red wine, fruit and vegetables. […] They can have an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory action. There is also strong evidence that flavonoids positively affect vascular health through improved endothelial function. Therefore, their role seems promising in reversing oxidative stress and associated inflammatory damage, as well as improving vascular function and clinical signs of AMD.

Other studies have already been conducted to try to find ways to prevent age-related macular degeneration. The authors of the study summarize the results as follows:

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness and major reduction of sight among ‘elderly adults.’ Current studies suggest that people affected by AMD should consume dark green leafy vegetables daily, follow low-glycemic diets and eat fish (at least twice per week). The study AREDS (Age-Related Eye Disease Study) showed that taking food supplements containing high doses of vitamin C, β.-carotene, zinc and copper could reduce AMD progression by 25%. [1]

macula_bulbo_luce_colpisce_centro_retina-fonte-lund_university-fredrik_ghosh-web.jpgThe factors to be taken into account – also at a lifestyle level – are many: not only diet (it is also important to consume fish regularly), but also not to smoke and take daily physical exercise. Alongside these modifiable aspects there is one that cannot be changed: genetic predisposition. Anyone who has a first-degree relative affected by AMD has a 3-6 times higher chance of being affected by it. In any case, after the age of 60, it is advisable to undergo at least one eye examination per year.

Main sources: Original Research Communications, Westmead Institute For Medical Research

[1] However the magnitude of this result has been significantly reduced in a subsequent study

Giornata Mondiale della Vista: la prevenzione della salute visiva in ogni fase della vita

Giornata Mondiale della Vista

Un’iniziativa per prendersi cura della salute degli occhi che mette al centro l’importanza di sottoporsi a controlli ed esami periodici della vista.

L’8 ottobre si è tenuta la Giornata Mondiale della Vista che, sotto l’Alto Patronato del Presidente della Repubblica, rappresenta l’evento annuale dedicato alla prevenzione delle patologie oculari.

“Dalla cura al prendersi cura” è il cambio di paradigma promosso in occasione di questa Giornata: sappiamo infatti che quando gli occhi si ammalano è alle volte troppo tardi per intervenire e, per questo, servono più prevenzione e riabilitazione.

Nella maggior parte dei casi, le patologie oculari possono essere prevenute e per questo l’iniziativa è stata accompagnata dallo slogan “Guarda che è importante!”: una raccomandazione da tenere a mente tutto l’anno che punta a promuovere la diagnosi precoce attraverso controlli regolari della vista, spesso l’unico strumento per limitare gli effetti invalidanti di alcune patologie.

Agli eventi previsti durante la Giornata – una conferenza stampa seguita da una tavola rotonda e tre sessioni live sulla pagina Facebook di Iapb – hanno partecipato oftalmologi, ricercatori, pazienti e rappresentanti delle istituzioni nazionali e internazionali, per offrire una panoramica a 360 gradi su cosa è davvero importante per prendersi cura della vista.

Per rivivere l’iniziativa clicca su:

Tutti gli approfondimenti sono invece disponibili qui: Il racconto della Giornata Mondiale della vista.

Giornata Mondiale della Vista: l’evento annuale per la prevenzione della salute visiva

Giornata Mondiale della Vista

L’evento dedicato alla prevenzione della salute visiva promosso da Iapb Italia Onlus.

La Giornata Mondiale della Vista, che ogni anno si celebra l’8 ottobre, rappresenta l’evento annuale dedicato alla salute del senso più importante per l’uomo e si svolge sotto l’Alto Patronato del Presidente della Repubblica.

L’iniziativa del 2020, promossa da Iapb Italia Onlus, si è focalizzata sulla centralità della vista nella salute della persona. L’uso quotidiano della vista, infatti, induce a sottovalutare i rischi e a considerarla invulnerabile: soltanto quando insorge un problema si realizza quanto la vista sia indispensabile nel compiere la stragrande maggioranza delle azioni quotidiane.

Durante la Giornata Mondiale si è svolta una conferenza stampa online, che è possibile rivedere sulla pagina dell’evento e una maratona di tre sessioni trasmesse in diretta sulla pagina Facebook di Iapb.

Gli approfondimenti dei numerosi temi affrontati nel corso della Giornata Mondiale della Vista sono disponibili alle seguenti pagine:

Per rivivere invece la conferenza stampa e la tavola rotonda della Giornata Mondiale della Vista clicca su: